What is the impact of Thin-Slicing? Boundary conditions on unconscious thought in complex decision making. Impressions formed after viewing thin slices of behavior are considered accurate if they match impressions formed after a more detailed observation of the subject and if they match the impressions formed by other raters.
A first impression is your initial condition for analysing another human being. Until the end of the conversation, or until the end of the first answer you give? In his book, Blink: Microsoft researchers Kristin Stecher and Scott Counts investigated this domain of thin-slicing to determine exactly how much information was needed on the online profiles for viewers to form an accurate impression of the individual and which profile fields contribute most to the ability to form that impression.
But sometimes less is more. Additionally, since thin-slicing can be used to accurately predict interpersonally-oriented qualities, they can be used in the selection, training and evaluation of individuals who require strong interpersonal skills, such as teachers, managers and therapists.
This correlation between "thin slices" with richer content and participants' better performance in detecting personality disorder is found to be stronger than correlations found in other studies using thin slice methodology.
The second explanation involves the role that stereotypes play in the initial stages of forming a judgment about someone. For example, physically attractive individuals may become more socially-skilled and confident simply because they internalize the beliefs held by others that they are more socially desirable and outgoing.
If our brain believes our environment favors this or that type of personality, then we start behaving more like our environment. Cognitive ability[ edit ] An individual's mood has been known to distort cognitive abilities. Which brings up the question: The conceptions above provide an underlying basis that there actually is an ability to judge from brief observations.
While Gigerenzer and Dijksterhuis evince reasoning to be either conscious or unconscious, Gladwell demonstrates them as a process wherein the unconscious thought dominates for the first 2 s. The first explanation draws from psychologists Zebrowitz-McArthur and Baron's ecological approach to Social perception which states that attributes corresponding to an unpleasant or threatening presence can be easily and quickly recognized because the ability to sense danger is essential for survival and adaptive action.
Overview[ edit ] Thin-slicing refers to observing a small selection of an interaction, usually less than 5 minutes, and being able to accurately draw conclusions about the emotions and attitudes of the people interacting.
Thus, during World War II, English intelligence workers could recognize the pattern of radio broadcasting, even if they had no idea what the broadcasts meant. All of these studies have the basic principle that emotions do in fact affect judgement as seen through effects on thin-slicing.
In the first experiment, a thin-slicing manipulation was used to show that intuitive processing can lead to more accurate judgments of deception when compared with traditional forms of processing, i.
You might also like: Otherwise, they would be more willing to reveal minor imperfections about themselves before others make inferences based on their observations.
It is perhaps this concept of thin-slicing, the power to think without thinking and to take quick decisions about people and situations, that enables recruiters to interview and select the staff.
First, the behaviors or traits in question should be easily observable so that ratings based on thin-slicing can be used reliably. Malcolm Gladwell popularized this term in his work, Blink: The chapter begins with a seemingly ordinary conversation between two happy-seeming young people.
Many a times it is this power to take a quick decision that may prove fruitful in a particular situation. So far, Gladwell has been talking about experts, insiders, and scientists. Personality disorder[ edit ] Jacqueline N. The same increased length of the slice was less related to judging threats and negative affect.
Those early assessments that we make of people set us on a certain course. This article has been corrected. More specifically, researchers look at how people make judgments based on their observations of others' minor traits such as eye contact, fidgeting, open-handed gestures, stiff posture, smiling, etc.
For example, Berry and McArthur found that adults with baby faces are generally perceived to be more honest, naive and kind. Speed dating[ edit ] Marian L.Blink: The Power of Thinking Without Thinking () is Malcolm Gladwell's second book. It presents in popular science format research from psychology and behavioral economics on the adaptive unconscious: mental processes that work rapidly and automatically from relatively little information.
Applying Gladwell’s "Blink: The Power of Thinking Without Thinking" in Your Life The key and important take away from the book is the necessity for each of you to be aware of and control your thin-slicing. Blink is a book about how we think without thinking, about choices that seem to be made in an instant-in the blink of an eye-that actually aren't as simple as they seem.
Why are some people brilliant decision makers, while others are consistently inept?Reviews: K. Malcolm Gladwell's Blink: The Power of Thinking Without Thinking is his second work. It follows his bestselling The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make a Big Difference.
The cognitive theory behind this kind of strange, but natural, impulse — a theory Gladwell colloquially refers to as “thin slicing” — is at the very heart of Blink. Put simply, thin slicing is the ability to grasp a situation or problem in the blink of an eye without having to analyze it in detail.
Malcolm Gladwell’s Blink is a fascinating exploration of rapid cognition, the “thinking” that takes place within the “blink of an eye.” At first glance you might want to think of rapid cognition as intuition or a “gut feel” – somewhat of an emotional perception, unconscious or perhaps irrational.Download